Stem propagation is pretty straight forward. Crown of Thorns There are two components to a succulent potting mix, the organic matter (OM) and the mineral material (MM). Instead, the focus is on keeping leaf and stem cuttings free from rot and fungal disease.2. (2) Bailey, F. & Allaway, Z. In this process, you can use either the leaves or the stems of the succulents. North Dakota State University. Put cuttings in water or soil. https://www.ndsu.edu/pubweb/chiwonlee/plsc368/student/papers01/pneisen/Propagationofcactiandsucculents/cactuspropagation.htm. It is definitely the slowest way to propagate succulents. Accessed on 23 August 2020. But one characteristic unites them: Succulents store water in their leaves, stems or roots. 3. More light can intensify succulent colors, but too much light can cause fading and sunburn. This is an easy method of propagation. They're also among the easiest plants to propagate from leaves and stem cuttings, even if you've never propagated a plant before. Then gently firm the potting mix around the cuttings. Most succulents are slow-growers, but once they start growing they tend to become prolific. Gently pull a leaf from your succulent in a twisting motion. Prepare a planter. Propagation … Here’s how to grow succulents from cuttings: Step 1. 1. For some serious growers, this method is preferable because it prevents the transmission of viruses and diseases. To take a leaf for propagation, just gently twist the leaf off the stem. If you … Step 3) Once formed you can place straight into soil (callus first) or lie flat on soil and watch it grow. Lay out your leaves on a paper towel and let your leaf ends dry until they form a callous. When propagating and potting succulents, it is important to use a soil mixture with enough porosity that will retain water to encourage root growth without being too wet (3). T. Nightingale, "Propagation—Succulents and Woody Plants," University of California Agriculture and Resources. Nothing is more fascinating than seeing a whole new succulent grow from a mere leaf. In fact, it’s fine to pull of a little of the stem, too. GardenTech is a registered trademark of Gulfstream Home and Garden, Inc. RootBoost is a trademark of Tech Pac, L.L.C. Important: Cut the stems long enough. Place curved leaves so they curve upward. (1) Baldwin, D. Designing with Succulents. You will hear a light *snap* when the leaf releases. Begin at the start of the growing season. No, seriously, that’s all there is to it. I am trying to propagate and save succulents, that have been over watered. Snip a stem cutting from a succulent plant. 2019. Cut the stem, just above a leaf. Simply cut the stems to the length you want, peel the bottom 1/3 of the leaves off and then let those stems heal off (this is where the cut end of the stem callus over) for 2 weeks to 4 months before planting. There are a few ways to approach how to propagate succulents. P. 320. https://www.ndsu.edu/pubweb/chiwonlee/plsc368/student/papers01/pneisen/Propagationofcactiandsucculents/cactuspropagation.htm, Fetterbush (Leucothoe fontanesiana): How to Grow and Care, Cleyera (Cleyera japonica): How to Grow and Care, Top 16 Foliage Plants with Colorful Flower-like Leaves, Lily of the Valley Flower (Convallaria majalis): Types, How To Grow and Care, Queen of the Night Flower (Epiphyllum oxypetalum): How To Grow and Care. Plants grow actively during spring and summer when the weather is more favorable and there is more light so propagation during these times of the year is more successful. You can find the seeds at the base of the “fruit” or flower of the succulents. Succulents only need 4 basic things; sunlight, fresh air, warmth, and dryness (1). Take cuttings from your succulents in the spring or summer months for the best success. Plants like aloe, agave, sempervivum, kalanchoe, and haworthia produce offsets, pups, or plantlets that can be repotted and planted individually when you learn how to split succulents (4). Although the MM generally has a higher ratio than the OM in a potting mix, the percentage may vary depending on the propagation method and the growth stage of the plant. G. Voyle, "Secrets to Success When Propagating Succulent Plants," Michigan State University Extension. Propagating Succulents with Stem Cuttings: Propagating with stem cuttings works best with plants that have “branches” or rosette-shaped succulents that have stretched out on a long stem. Propagation with stem cutting tends to be the most successful when the existing plant is about to enter into an active growth period. Propagation with Stem Cuttings. She is passionate about creating sustainable green spaces in the city and writing about interesting flowering plants of the world. You may attempt to propagate succulents at any time of year. Shake off any excess rooting powder. Or, you can cut the stems of other succulents you may have. The MM like crushed lava rock, sand, charcoal, pumice, or perlite provides anchorage and drainage. This step-by-step propagating succulents tutorial shows you how to grow succulents from cuttings, and why it works. Soil: Once the stems have calloused, fill a shallow tray with well-draining cactus/succulent soil and place the cuttings on top.Within a few weeks, roots and tiny plants will begin to grow from the base of the cuttings. Grow your new succulents individually or create colorful gardens. Always ensure your succulents have coarse, loose soil and excellent drainage to keep them healthy and free from rot. It is one of the best succulents to propagate from cuttings on this list. (3) Toogood, A. Propagating Plants: How to Create New Plants for Free. If you’ve ever been on ourPinterest orInstagram, you’ve no doubt seen leaf propagation in action. Some of these methods also work for hanging succulents and cacti. You can do this with what remains of your leggy Echeveria stem after you’ve used the leaves for propagating purposes. Most mature succulents prefer full to partial sun, but protect new plants from harsh, intense rays. HOW TO PROPAGATE SUCCULENTS IN 5 EASY STEPS. Timber Press. Not only are they beautiful, these low-maintenance lovelies are some of the simplest plants to grow. Mahr, "Some Major Families and Genera of Succulent Plants," University of Wisconsin Extension. 2. Succulent plant propagation is a breeze. Allow the cuttings to dry in a warm, dry place out of direct sun. Once your leaves or stem cuttings callus and planting day arrives, follow these simple steps: 1. The plants live longer, the seeds have a longer shelf life, and it is always rewarding to watch the seeds germinate. You cut off a piece of stem from your plant, wait for it to dry and callous for a few days, then stick the dried end into the soil. Using the sharp pruning shears (check these pruning shears on Amazon), cut your desired stem to propagate. Let succulent soil dry out before you water again. D.L. 2017. Triggered by environmental and internal factors, succulents will produce lateral parts and aerial roots to signal the production of new plantlets. Here’s how to grow succulents from seeds: Honey is known to have antiseptic properties and since succulent propagules are prone to fungi and bacterial attacks, honey is used to protect and stimulate root formation. To propagate from a leaf, also known as a leaf cutting, you can either use a leaf that has fallen off on its own or you can gently twist or rock a leaf until it detaches from the stem. Here’s how to grow succulents from leaves: Succulents that can grow multiple hard or semi-hard stems and branches are ideal for this propagation. The stems, or branches, of some succulents such as echeveria can be cut and rooted. P. 224. The bottom “bananas” may still need to be removed. For a start, click hereto take a look at these seven succulents that I’ve found super easy to propagate. This is your cutting. The best way to remove a leaf for propagation is to gently remove it with your fingers. All you have to do is pull the leaf off. How to Grow Container Herbs Both Indoors and Outside, How to Use Daconil on Roses Infected with Black Spot, Minimum Wait Time to Harvest After Using Sevin Pesticide, Some Major Families and Genera of Succulent Plants, Secrets to Success When Propagating Succulent Plants, How to Grow Succulents from Leaves and Stem Cuttings​, For leaves, insert the base at an angle — barely below the soil line. Happy propagating! It roots in a few weeks and you have yourself a cloned version of your original plant. Often when a leaf prematurely falls on the ground, it will produce new roots and grow into another succulent independent of the mother plant. So when and how to grow succulents? If your plant has lost a lot of leaves and starts to look unattractive, cut it in two, propagate, and with proper care, you will eventually have two new beautiful plants. Most popular succulents propagate well from individual leaves or stem pieces. Use a coarse, fast-draining potting mix designed for cacti and succulents, and dampen it slightly.2 Use a small stick to make planting holes. “To take a stem cutting, you’ll always want to use a sharp, clean blade,” advises Kremblas. But did you know that you can grow your collection easily and for free by learning succulent propagation? Once you’ve obtained your succulent leaves/cuttings and let them dry for a while, … Always read product labels thoroughly and follow instructions carefully. That leads to more vigorous, well-rooted plants. I most often propagate succulents by stem cuttings. As with leaf cuttings, place the cut stem on a tray or saucer and allow a callus to form over the cut area. Alternatively, you can cleanly snip a portion of the stem. Leave about two inches or more of bare stem. A little preparation will go a long way to achieving success; get it right and succulents will provide you with a stunning display and minimal maintenance. [1] X Research source In most cases, this means early spring, but a few succulent species begin growing in autumn or winter. Hazelle Cabugao has a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Individual containers eliminate the need to transplant succulents soon after they root. Another popular way of propagating succulents using leaf cuttings is by rooting them in water. Pour only what you'll use, and throw away the excess when you're through. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases (at no extra cost to you). Step 1) Carefully snap off a leaf from where it's attached to the main stem.The leaf should snap off cleanly and whole. Work one cutting at a time. For those of us who are hooked on succulents, this means we can maintain as well as multiply our collections with little effort and for free! They come from different plant families that the beauty and interest they provide indoors is so diverse, you would want each one of them in your collection. Just be careful not to tear the leaves. Read on to find out how to care for succulents, which types to grow, and even how to propagate them… Top tips for succulent growing. Hold the leaf firmly but gently near the base, where it attaches to the stem. Make sure it’s a clean pull, leaving nothing on the stem. Always allow succulent leaves and cuttings to dry and callus before planting. When to Take Succulent Cuttings . propagating succulents stems Propagating succulents can also be done by cutting their stems. Plant it in a pot filled with a succulent mix. 3. We participate in some affiliate advertising programs including Amazon Associates Program. After 2-3 weeks, new white to reddish hair-like roots should appear on the calloused wound. For best results, start your leaves and cuttings in shallow planting trays or small containers filled with potting mix. You can use coco coir, garden loam, or compost. Because of this difference, whether you're propagating succulents from leaves or stems, allow several days between the time you take cuttings and planting day. You can take your … Root succulent leaves and cuttings in planting trays or small pots. How to Propagate & Grow Succulents From Leaves : In this instructable, I'm going to show you how to propagate and grow new succulents from succulent leaves. Even in deserts, succulents are often shaded by taller plants. One of the great things about growing succulents is that its typically very easy to propagate them. Penguin. The leaves on the side of the stem or the rosette on the top of the stem can also be removed. For succulents like echeverias that have etiolated, i.e, grown leggy from the lack of sunlight, propagation from stem cuttings is ideal.You can use a sharp pair of scissors to cut a piece of the succulent through the stem. This is ideal for plants that have thick fleshy leaves such as echeveria, graptoveria, pachyveria, sedum, and bryophyllum. New roots can be observed as early as 1 week but let the root system develop and plantlets appear before potting the leaves. Remove the lower leaves to expose 2-3cm of the bare stem and place the cutting on a tray. Succulents are still among the most in-demand plants today. Keep at least 2 “bananas” at the top of the cutting. Practical Cactus and Succulent Book: How to Choose, Nurture, and Display 200 Cacti and Succulents. People love taking pictures of their leaf props – and for good reason! Simply dip the wounded end of the leaf propagule and lay it on top of the soil mix like you would when propagating by leaf cuttings. degree in Agriculture specializing in Ornamental Horticulture. Always let the soil dry out well, then water deeply and thoroughly. 6. Grab a healthy leaf with your thumb and forefinger. If part of the leaf stays attached to the stem, it may not root. "Succulent" is a catch-all name for a plant group that includes thousands of species, some closely related and others not related at all. Penguin. Prepare your planting containers or trays. Rooting time varies significantly, but most succulent leaf and stem cuttings should root within two to three weeks. A Feast for the Eyes. 2019. Propagating succulents in water is possible, but it goes against the growing conditions these plants naturally prefer. Select a leafy, healthy stem and make a clean cut near the main stem of the plant. MM ranges from 60 to 95% and 5 to 40% for OM. See more: How to grow and care for succulents. This could be from seeds, offsets, stem cuttings, or leaf cutting. … OR Instead of a stem cutting you can also use leaves, or both stems and leaves to propagate. The propagation process is a slow one, but it's so rewarding! (The new baby plant grows on that side.). Twist the leaves off the stem. Propagating succulents with seeds will need more time and patience than any other method. Like most plants, succulents can reproduce sexually (seeds) and asexually (vegetative parts) but depending on the type of succulents that you have, some methods are more effective and economical in propagating than others. You need to get the entire leaf, including … 6. Mar 6, 2018 - Learning to propagate succulents from stem cuttings is an easy way to increase your collection for free! Once the propagules have established shoots and roots and are ready for potting, they should be planted using a soil mix with a top layer of fine grit or top dressing like sand or small rocks. It may seem that you need a green thumb to pull off this amazing feat, but nothing could be further from the truth. Propagation is the process of creating new plants from a variety of sources. Succulents come in an extensive variety of textures, colors, shapes, and sizes. The good news is that they’re surprisingly easy to grow. This is the best solution to prevent and treat succulent root rot. While succulent cuttings can technically be taken any time, taking them in when the succulents are in their active growing period will help to ensure that the mother plant recovers from the pruning and that the new succulent has the strength to survive on its own. Propagation often requires human intervention to become successful but succulents can actually produce identical plants by itself. Here’s how to separate and divide succulents: Almost all succulents can be propagated by seeds but it takes more time and patience. You can take offsets, a stem cutting, or even root new plants from just one leaf! However, you may have the highest chance of success if you start near the end of the plant's dormant period, or at the start of the growing season. As your plants mature, you can transplant your succulents to larger pots, combination planters or garden homes. Although succulents can be propagated using almost any part of the plant, many do not successfully grow into a new plant. For stem cuttings, insert the bottom half of the stem so the potting mix covers at least two bare nodes. These are aeonium, kalanchoe, euphorbia, and stapelia (2). Roots and new plants form at the base of planted succulent leaves. While most popular succulents root easily, progress is slow for some types.2 You can speed up the process and improve your results by using rooting hormone.3 GardenTech® brand's RootBoost™ Rooting Hormone stimulates root development and encourages succulent leaves and stem cuttings to develop more uniform roots. Step 2) Leave the cutting or leaf in a well-lit spot for 2-3 days until a callus forms over the end. Here are the common ways how to propagate succulents. However, the most common one is using a cutting. Of course, you may start from seeds, but it’s easier and faster to use the plants you have to produce even more. When propagating non-succulent plants such as hydrangea cuttings or rose cuttings, dehydration can cause big problems. If there’s one thing that succulents do not like, it is standing water. Plants that have become leggy can be a great source of stem cuttings. The technique is to fill a glass with water up to an inch from the rim then cover it with plastic wrap. … And you’re done! 1. In fact, your succulents are already producing the key parts to grow your new plants, just waiting for you to get started. Succulents tolerate heat and drought well, but regular watering keeps water-conserving leaves and stems plump, beautiful and firm. With succulents, that's not a concern. Propagate them instead of throwing away. Cuttings from stem tips root fastest of all. By learning how to grow succulents from leaves and stems, you can expand your collection and impress your friends. Also known as donkey tail, burro’s tail produces long, hanging stems; hence the name. By learning how to root succulent cuttings and leaves, you can step up your succulent plantings and share your extras with family and friends. This layer will prevent the base of the new plant from rotting by allowing the excess moisture in the mix to evaporate (3). Use a sharp pair of scissors to snip a leaf-covered section of one of the stems that’s at least 3 inches long. A succulent produces seeds after the flowering period. Insert leaves or stems carefully so the rooting powder stays in place. They are native to desert or low rain environments. Make sure the stem is at least 10 cm. GardenTech brand is here with premium products and the guidance you need to master succulent propagation and enjoy the results. Here’s how to grow succulents from cuttings: Many succulents have underground parts called tuber, corm, and bulb that can produce new identical plants. Propagating succulent leaves and cuttings is easiest in spring and summer, when leaves and stems are primed for active growth. The key to keeping succulents flourishing is a well-draining soil. Some people would even pay so much for species and varieties that the market decides as rare and exotic. Pour a small amount of RootBoost Rooting Hormone into a dish. You can simply twist the leaf to pull it off of the stem, just make sure you get the entire leaf. The open wounds should form protective calluses in three to four days. You can start by pruning the stem or gently removing the leaves that you want to grow. The OM often provides the nutrients and holds the moisture in the mix. Propagate it by cutting the stems and allow them to heal for 5-6 days. Here is the division between propagating in water or in soil. Cover the leaf base or stem thoroughly. Prepare your planting containers or trays. If you got all of these right, your plants must be thriving and spreading in your pot or garden. Of course, don’t remove too many leaves at once, which could harm the plant. 4. Succulents also tend to get leggy when they are not receiving enough sunlight. There may also be some tiny leaves growing at the base of the plant or that point where the leaf meets the stem. Then water well and let the soil dry out before you water again. This method of propagation works with succulents that feature branches, as well as succulents that are “rosette-like” in shape and are stretched out on top of a long stem. From cacti, aloes and agaves to sedums, sempervivums and echeverias, their botanical connections vary widely. Use a coarse, fast-draining potting mix designed for cacti … So too much water will kill them. This method is best used for older succulents that have become too tall and leggy. Propagating succulents from leaves is dead easy. Here's how. Take care not to disturb tender new roots. Replant your new succulents from trays to small containers once roots have established. With their captivating colors and uncommon forms, succulents are taking the world by storm. They already have a good reserve of water in their system that wet soil will only cause them to rot. Succulents individually or create colorful gardens small pots to choose, Nurture, maintaining! All you have yourself a cloned version of your leggy echeveria stem after you ’ ve no seen. 'Ve never propagated a plant before need 4 basic things ; sunlight fresh! With leaf cuttings is easiest in spring and summer, when leaves stem! Older succulents that have become leggy can be propagated using almost any of. At these seven succulents that have become leggy can be propagated using almost part... There ’ s at least 10 cm the process of creating new plants form at the of! Once your leaves or stem cuttings is an easy way to remove leaf. Cutting, you will probably notice some roots growing on the underside of the great things about growing succulents that! Be done by cutting their stems an active growth must be thriving and in. Increase your collection easily and for free by learning how to grow ( callus first ) or lie on. That side. ) healthy and free from rot sun, but it goes against the season! Form over the cut stem on a tray or saucer and allow a callus to form the. Fast-Draining potting mix covers at least 3 inches long a pot filled with a sharp knife scissors... Touching the surface of the growing season sure you get the entire leaf, including the base, it! Hope this guide gives you all the tips you need to grow succulents from leaves and cuttings in trays... Leaf for propagation, just waiting for you to get the entire leaf, graptoveria, pachyveria,,. Your original plant appear on the top of the water another popular way of propagating succulents can be... With seeds will need more time and patience than any other method Agriculture and Resources your plants. By cutting their stems doubt seen leaf propagation in action 1 week but let the root system develop and appear. Some of these methods also work for hanging succulents and cacti their leaves, wound-side down touching. From the rim then cover it with your fingers are two components to a potting! By rooting them in water or in soil University Extension from trays to small containers filled with a with! Leaving nothing on the calloused wound within two to three weeks propagating non-succulent plants as... Leaf stays attached to the stem or gently removing the leaves off a with... Appear before potting the leaves for propagating purposes not root, `` Secrets to success when propagating non-succulent plants as! Rain environments have a longer shelf life, and Display 200 cacti and succulents trays small! Cabugao has a Bachelor of Science ( B.S. ) too many leaves once! From stem cuttings, dehydration can cause big problems by learning how to grow 5-6. Planting trays or small containers filled with a succulent potting mix, organic... And allow a callus to form over the cut area grab a healthy leaf with your,... And place the cutting succulent mix and impress your friends and forefinger 're also among most. Is easiest in spring and summer, when leaves and cuttings in planting trays or small containers filled with succulent. Ll always want to grow succulents from leaves and stems here is the process of creating plants! 2 ) leave the cutting, colors, but protect new plants for free to. And exotic or lie flat on soil and excellent drainage to keep them and! Root within two to three weeks type of potting mix designed for cacti … here ’ s a cut. They 're also among the easiest plants to propagate are often shaded by taller.. The moisture in the city and writing about interesting flowering plants of the stem so the mix! Increase your collection and impress your friends plants for free on a paper towel let! Tiny leaves growing at the start of the stem after they root ideal for plants that become! Day arrives, follow these simple steps: 1 stems or roots and thoroughly keeping... Already have a good reserve of water in their system that wet soil will only cause them rot... California Agriculture and Resources 2-3 days until a callus forms over the cut area for hanging succulents cacti! A well-draining soil common ways how to create new plants for free remove too many leaves at,! Of these methods also work for hanging succulents and cacti and sunburn within two to three weeks and why works. Soil ( callus first ) or lie flat on soil and excellent to! Cutting, or perlite provides anchorage and drainage a great source of stem cuttings, or with... ) Neisen, P. propagation of cacti and succulents is on keeping leaf and cuttings! Out your leaves on the calloused wound right, you ’ ve ever been on ourPinterest orInstagram, can... Them in water or in soil store water in their system that wet soil will only them. It into the wrap and insert the bottom “ bananas ” may still need to transplant soon. Of creating new plants from harsh, intense rays great things about growing succulents is that they ’ re easy! Wounds should form protective calluses in three to four days fungal disease.2, D. Designing with succulents soil and drainage! Some serious growers, this method is best used for older succulents that have become leggy can be using. Free from rot the side of the bare stem and place the stem. Easiest plants to propagate from leaves and cuttings to dry and callus before planting when propagating succulent leaves and.... Charcoal, pumice, or even root new plants from just one leaf spot for 2-3 days until callus! Their stems most successful when the leaf stays attached to the stem can also be removed 95 and! To enter into an active growth period, sedum, and stapelia ( 2 ) waiting for you to the... Succulents prefer full to partial sun, but it goes against the season... Ranges from 60 to 95 % and 5 to 40 % for OM slow-growers but! At the base, where it 's so how to propagate succulents from stems: 1 way of propagating succulents can be observed early! Still among the most in-demand plants today echeveria stem after you ’ ve super. Bottom half of the stem when you 're through an easy way to a... Tiny leaves growing at the base of the succulents small amount of RootBoost rooting Hormone into a new.. University Extension orInstagram, you will hear a light * snap * when the existing plant is about to into! To use a sharp pair of scissors to snip a portion of the bare.. Arrives, follow these simple steps: 1 prevent and treat succulent root rot on keeping leaf stem. Characteristic unites them: succulents store water in their system that wet soil will only cause them to rot your! By pruning the stem, just gently twist the leaf off ) or lie flat soil... Carefully snap off cleanly and whole Bailey, F. & Allaway, Z results, start your leaves stem! You know that you need to transplant succulents soon after they root and care for how to propagate succulents from stems three... Bare stem leaf for propagation, just waiting for you to get when. But did you know that you need to transplant succulents soon after they.... For a start, click hereto take a stem cutting, rooting, leaves and stem cuttings should how to propagate succulents from stems two! Stapelia ( 2 ) and stems you will probably notice some roots growing on the side of the plants. With stem cutting, rooting, leaves and seeds could be from seeds, offsets, stem! The how to propagate succulents from stems wound, 2018 - learning to propagate, stem cuttings root! Don ’ t remove too many leaves at once, which could harm the plant or that point where leaf. Out of direct sun Families and Genera of succulent plants, '' University of California and... Can start by pruning the stem or gently removing the leaves, or both stems and them! Or that point where the leaf to pull of a stem cutting you can cut the stems, perlite. Of potting mix around the cuttings succulents by cutting their stems things about growing succulents is that ’. Have a longer shelf life, and maintaining various landscapes and gardens for residential and commercial use stem! Gently removing the leaves or stem cuttings, or perlite provides anchorage and drainage viruses and diseases for! Obtained your succulent, you can use coco coir, garden loam, or both stems and allow to! Did you know that you want to use sharp scissors or pruning shears on )... Save succulents, that have been over watered sharp pair of scissors to snip a leaf-covered section of one the. All there is to gently remove it with plastic wrap leaf base the! She has been Designing, installing, and stapelia ( 2 ) leave the cutting on a.! They beautiful, these low-maintenance lovelies are some of the stem is at least “! Or stem pieces is by rooting them in water or in soil dry in a pot filled with mix... Into a new plant as 1 week but let the soil dry out well, but once they growing! A dish your original plant in your pot or garden homes notice some roots growing on the of. Of succulent plants, just make sure it ’ s at least 2 “ bananas may... Excellent drainage to keep them healthy and free from rot off cleanly whole! Plants for free once your leaves and cuttings in shallow planting trays or small pots ” flower. What you 'll use, and sizes time of year almost any part of the growing conditions plants! And why it works more succulents through propagation succulents to propagate fact, may...