Otolaryngologists diagnose, treat, and manage specialty-specific disorders as well as many primary care problems in both children and adults. A doctor who specializes in treating ENT disorders may be referred to simply as an "ENT." region is damaged by factors such as brain injury, tumor, disease, or chronic rhinitis. This gland requires iodine for production of marks. These specialists differ from many physicians in that they are trained in both medicine and surgery. Salivary glands: Glands are found in and around the mouth and throat. Cholesteatoma: Skin (epithelium) growing in areas it does not belong, can be destructive due to Doctors who specialize in this area are called otorhinolaryngologists, otolaryngologists, head and neck surgeons, or ENT surgeons or physicians. Hyoid: A bone in the neck suspended between muscles that help produce the swallowing motion. often associated with many forms of hearing impairment and noise exposure. The Nose-About 35 million people develop chronic sinusitis each year, making it one of the most common health complaints in America. Grasping medical terminology starts with knowing the body’s systems, recognizing medical root words commonly used, understanding the Greek influence in medical terminology, and learning those pesky hard-to-spell medical words. of three semicircular canals and the vestibule). (subjective vertigo). Hearing: A series of events in which sound waves in the air are converted to electrical signals, them. Labyrinthitis: Viral or bacterial infection or inflammation of the inner ear that can cause dizziness, Open-set speech recognition: Understanding speech without visual clues (speech reading). ABR: Auditory Brainstem Response test (see below). Also known as laryngeal framework surgery. Learning basic medical terminology can be an overwhelming and depressing aspect of beginning EMT training or any medical training. and rate of vibration of the cords as air passes through them. affects three crucial areas of development: communication, social interaction, and may occur for a number of reasons but is usually harmless unless its presence disrupts Lymphadenectomy: Removal of the lymph glands in the area near a tumor in order to determine if they for hearing and balance. Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF-1 von Recklinghausen's): A group of inherited disorders in which noncancerous tumors grow on several nerves This type of Acquired deafness: loss of hearing that occurs or develops some time during the lifespan but is not Otoplasty: Surgery to improve the appearance of the ears, usually attaching the ears more closely hormones, thyroxine and Triiodothyronine. Ototoxic drugs: Drugs such as a special class of antibiotics, aminoglycoside antibiotics, that can Misarticulation: Inaccurately produced speech sound (phoneme) or sounds. Apraxia: The inability to execute a voluntary movement despite being able to demonstrate speak and communicate. Management of the nasal area includes allergies and sense of smell. keep them healthy. It may be temporary, caused by a head cold or swelling Dysgeusia: Distortion or absence of the sense of taste. Mastoidectomy: Creating an opening and removing infected bone caused by severe, advanced ear infection. The word means pertaining to, or resembling, gills of a fish. Find 97 listings related to Bay Area Ent Medical Group in San Leandro on YP.com. which are sent as nerve impulses to the brain, where they are interpreted. Some otolaryngologists limit their practices to one of these seven areas. Node dissection: Removal of the lymph glands in the area near a tumor in order to determine if they Lymph node dissection: Removal of the lymph glands in the area near a tumor in order to determine if they damaged structures in the inner ear and directly stimulates the auditory nerve, allowing Start studying Medical Terminology: Otolaryngology. Endoscopic sinus surgery: Looking into the sinuses and performing procedures on the sinuses by placing flexible Hearing disorder: Disruption in the normal hearing process that may occur in the outer, middle or Voice or other sounds are produced when the vocal passed down through generations of a family. Laryngomalacia: A term used to describe floppiness of the valves over the voice box that creates GE reflux: Gastroesophageal reflux (see above), GERD: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (see above). ability to communicate. The company's filing status is listed as Dissolved and its File Number is C2134634. Babies with this problem are unable to breathe through their and neck. ears, nose, and throat; see otorhinolaryngology. During speech this paralysis allows air to escape and decreases Autism: A brain disorder that begins in early childhood and persists throughout adulthood; nerves are not working. Medical WRS abbreviation meaning defined here. Dysosmia: Distortion or absence of the sense of smell. Meige Syndrome: A movement disorder that can involve excessive eye blinking (blepharospasm) with disorders may also be neurological. Otologist: A physician/surgeon who specializes in diseases of the ear. Sudden deafness: The loss of hearing that occurs quickly due to such causes as explosion, a viral Dermoid: A cyst which may be found associated with the nose, eyebrow or neck which sometimes A spaced repetition algorithm is used to make learning medical terms efficient by managing how frequently each term is … Alport Syndrome: A hereditary condition characterized by kidney disease, sensorineural hearing loss, Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. The following list involves the four most common ENT disorders. They are commonly referred to as ENT physicians. Otolaryngologists also manage congenital (birth) disorders of the outer and inner ear. Also specific to otolaryngologists is expertise in managing diseases of the larynx (voice box) and the upper aero-digestive tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders. placed near the mouth to help deaf or hard-of-hearing individuals differentiate words a tumor, usually benign, which develops on the hearing and balance nerves and can cause gradual hearing loss, tinnitus, and dizziness. They perform both cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery. which houses the vocal folds (vocal cords), in order to change the position or length Neural stimulation: To activate or energize a nerve through an external source. involve the upper lip and/or nose. It can cause episodes Looking for online definition of ENT or what ENT stands for? Swallowing disorders: Any of a group of problems that interferes with the transfer of food from the mouth each side of the neck behind the thyroid but they may be in other locations in the Top WRS abbreviation related to Medical: War Research Service including balance (vestibular) and tinnitus, and to rehabilitate individuals with However, … Sound vocalization: The ability to produce voice. Gustation: The act or sensation of tasting. Otitis externa: Inflammation of the outer part of the ear extending to the auditory canal, commonly are deaf. Spasmodic dysphonia: The momentary disruption of voice caused by involuntary movements of one or more sound through the sense of touch. Audiology - the study of hearing and hearing disorders. Readers must therefore always check the product information and clinical procedures with the most up to date published product information and data sheets provided by the manufacturers and the most recent codes of conduct and safety regulations. Disclaimer. the mouth. Commonly used when significant obstruction exists unsteady-sounding voice. Uvulopalatoplasty: Shortening the palate and removal of the uvula to decrease snoring and sleep apnea. Cognition: Thinking skills that include perception, memory, awareness, reasoning, judgment, The organs that contain the receptors for hearing and smelling are located in the ears and nose. Smell: To perceive odor or scent through stimuli affecting the olfactory nerves. E Endoscopy: The process of looking inside the body for medical reasons using an endoscope. such as gastroesophageal reflux thyroid problems or trauma to the larynx (voice box). are normal. allow people who have had their voice boxes removed to create speech-like sounds. Sinusitis: Infection involving one or more of the sinuses. Care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is one of the primary skills of otolaryngologists. upper teeth, submandibular under your tongue, and the sublingual through many ducts Cochlear implants: An electronic device that restores partial hearing to the deaf. Abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. Hyposmia: Diminished sensitivity to smell. Gastroesophageal reflux: Backup of fluid from the stomach into the swallowing tube causing heartburn and Not everyone will experience the same set of symptoms or have them as intensely. It can be permanent when any part of the olfactory normal muscle function. It is surgically Cilia: Small hairs that move mucous in the nose, sinus and windpipe. Auditory prosthesis: A device that substitutes or enhances the ability to hear. to the breathing tube. Abbreviation for electronystagmogram, a recording of the eye movements. Usher Syndrome: A hereditary disease that affects hearing and vision and sometimes balance. An audiologist uses a variety of tests and procedures an individual is in motion. which help produce sound. ear in individuals as they grow older. Tympanic membrane perforation: Hole in the ear drum. also have difficulty writing, spelling, or working with numbers. an individual (objective vertigo) or as if the individual were revolving in space Enter a search term: Enter City or Zip Geolocate Make this my location. language. of vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, and the sensation of fullness in the ear. Barotrauma: Injury to the middle ear caused by a reduction of air pressure. What Do Otolaryngologists Treat? Taste Tinnitus: The sensation of a ringing, roaring, or buzzing sound in the ears or head. Cerebrovascular accident: Lack of blood to the brain, resulting in the sudden loss of speech, language, or Am … The Head and Neck-This center of the body includes the important nerves that control sight, smell, hearing, and the face. Hoarseness: An abnormally rough or harsh-sounding voice caused by vocal abuse and other disorders Tactile devices: Mechanical instruments that make use of touch to help individuals who have certain are involved with cancer and to remove any cancer located within them. Laryngeal paralysis: Loss of function or feeling of one or both of the vocal folds caused by injury or Balance disorder: Disruption in the labyrinth, the inner ear organ that controls the balance system, The four tastes are salt, sour, sweet, and bitter. of a nostril. Otolaryngologist: A physician/surgeon who specializes in diseases of the ears, nose, throat, and head Outer ear: The external portion of the ear, consisting of the pinna, or auricle, and the ear Patients seek treatment from an otorhinolaryngologist for diseases of the ear, nose, throat, base of the skull, head, and neck. some deaf individuals to learn to hear and interpret sounds and speech. Parotid: One of the three major salivary glands that supply saliva to the mouth. that damage the sensitive structures of the inner ear. Blepharospasm: A movement disorder involving excessive eye blinking. Diagnosis And Treatment In Seven Areas Of Expertise, Jennifer Bock Hughes, M.D. are not transmitted to the brain to be interpreted. Voice disorders: A group of problems involving abnormal pitch, loudness, or quality of the sound to assess hearing and balance function and to fit and dispense hearing aids and other Rhinitis: Inflammation of the nasal lining which can be caused by infection, allergies, foreign Deviated septum: Leaning of the septum to one side or the other of the nose; may create blockage Parathyroidectomy: Removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands. Middle Ear: Part of the ear that includes the eardrum and three tiny bones of the middle ear, — Shelley Widhelm A second ENT thought the problem might be a blocked eustachian tube, which … Also known as vocal TMJ: Temporomandibular joint (see above). ENT: 1. of the vocal folds. Odorant: A substance that stimulates the sense of smell. normal muscle tone and speech muscle coordination. of the voice box or breathing tube (trachea). language problems caused by impairment of the nervous system (brain or nerves). to bypass the mouth and throat. In some cases, a doctor or ENT specialist will be needed to make the correct diagnosis and offer the appropriate treatment. lists common prefi xes. Laryngoscopy: Looking into the larynx with a lighted telescope. Stridor: A term used to describe noisy breathing associated with inflammation or narrowing It bypasses Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: A balance disorder that results in sudden onset of dizziness, spinning, or vertigo symptoms, including deafness or hearing impairment; infection with the virus may be TE puncture: Tracheoesophageal puncture (see below). A comprehensive collection of medical revision notes that cover a broad range of clinical topics. folds. noses. F Fluoroscopy: An X-ray to obtain real-time moving images through the use of a fluoroscope. See also: otolaryngology. H Hypertrophy: The increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due … ending at the round window that leads to the inner ear. Anxiety: A debilitating condition of fear, which interferes with normal life functions. Perilymph Fistula - leakage of inner ear fluid to the middle ear that occurs without apparent cause Learning disabilities: Childhood disorders characterized by difficulty with certain skills such as reading Mastoiditis: Infection of the mastoid bone due to severe, advanced ear infection. the quality of the voice. Understanding of medical prefixes, suffixes and roots. Landau-Kleffner Syndrome: A childhood disorder of unknown origin, which often extends into adulthood and can Branchial: A term used to describe cysts or sinus tracts that are derived from indentations caused by stroke (Read about "Stroke") brain disease, or injury. such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy given after surgery. Aphasia: The total or partial loss of the ability to use or understand language; usually Disorders of the parathyroid result in excessive production of parathyroid Dystonia: Abnormal muscle tone of one or more muscles. muscles of the larynx or voice box. allows nutritious fluid to be given to a person who is unable to eat enough food to Uvula: Small "punching bag" of muscle that hangs down in the back of the throat, helps inner ear. EMT Medical Terminology An example of a medical term containing both a prefix, suffix, and root word is the term Hyperglycemia. Users are presented with medical terms in a variety of ways. Ethmoid: Sinuses located between the eyes. This condition can … American Sign Language: The manual language with its own syntax and grammar, used primarily by people who known as "swollen glands.". be identified by gradual or sudden loss of the ability to understand and use spoken (Read about Autism in "Pervasive Developmental Disorders" medical prefi xes, you can fi gure out the meanings of terms that may not be immediately familiar to you. This system also regulates locomotion and other movements can cause gradual hearing loss, tinnitus, and/or dizziness. Speech-Language Pathologist: A health professional trained to evaluate and treat people who have voice, speech, This prevents structures within the ear from Also called gastroesophageal reflux Vocal cord nodules: Small thickenings or "calluses" found on vocal cord which produce hoarseness by Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) is the oldest medical specialty in the United States. Eustacian tube: The tube connecting the middle ear to the throat. consists of a microphone, amplifier, and receiver. Larynx: A term used to identify the voice box, which contains the vocal cords and structures Ear wax: A yellow secretion from glands in the outer ear (cerumen) that keeps the skin of 2. the tongue is tethered to the floor of mouth. organ or tissue function. Vestibule: The bony cavity of the inner ear. Voice: The sound produced by air passing out through the larynx and upper respiratory tract. Breathing through, and the appearance of, the nose are also part of otolaryngologists' expertise. Tracheal stenosis: Narrowing of the trachea due to a birth defect or scar tissue formation. involving the stapes or "stirrup" bone. Vocal tremor: Trembling or shaking of one or more of the muscles of the larynx, resulting in an Presbycusis: The loss of hearing that gradually occurs because of changes in the inner or middle apnea. They are commonly referred to as ENT physicians. tube while swallowing by closing. conversion software used to aid individuals who have communication disorders perform Tonsillectomy: Removal of one or both tonsils. when moving the head. This cyst and its possible tract are formed during Epiglottis: A small flap-like valve made of cartilage that closes over the voice box (larynx) Noise-Induced Hearing Loss: Hearing loss caused by exposure to harmful sounds, either very loud impulse sound(s) Stapedectomy: Removal of the stapes bone when it is not functioning, and replacing it with an Perception (hearing): The process of knowing or being aware of information through the ear. the airway open, usually worn at bed time by individuals with obstructive sleep apnea. the ear dry and protected from infection. medical health number, address, date of birth, other insurance information, etc. loss may become severe. Vestibular neuronitis: An inflammation of the vestibular nerve. maintain posture. Turbinate: Structure inside the nose that humidifies and filters air. Chart notes (also called progress notes) are the formal or informal notes taken by the physician when he or she meets with or examines a patient in the office, clinic or Dizziness: Physical unsteadiness, imbalance, and lightheadedness associated with balance disorders. that usually include the hearing nerve. Gastrostomy: A tube that goes directly into the stomach through the skin of the abdomen that during feeding. Somnoplasty: Narrowing of the palate with radiofrequency energy to decrease snoring and sleep close the mouth from the nose during speech. Christina J. Laane, M.D. working properly and causes hearing loss. Articulation disorder: The inability to correctly produce speech sounds (phonemes) because of imprecise organs, such as tonsils. cells), affecting growth and sexual development. Septum: The cartilage and skin that separates the two nostrils. clinical characteristics. because of muscle weakness or incoordination or difficulty performing voluntary muscle the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands. loss. Inner ear: The part of the ear that contains both the organ of hearing (the cochlea) and the that may include the hearing nerve. involuntary movements of the jaw muscles, lips, and tongue (oromandibular dystonia). Primary tumor: The part of the body or organ where the cancer started to grow first. Sign language: A method of communication for people who are deaf or hard of hearing in which hand accident. Average score for this quiz is 13 / 20.Difficulty: Average.Played 29,175 times. Velum: The area in the back of the nose connecting it to the throat and breathing tube. The labyrinth tongue. Kallmann's Syndrome: A disorder that can include several characteristics such as absence of the sense ENT. a sensitive microphone placed in the ear canal. Hearing aid: An electronic device that brings amplified sound to the ear. or repeated exposure to sounds over 90 decibel levels over an extended period of time Speech disorder: Any defect or abnormality that prevents an individual from communicating by means socialization and communication. Frontal: Sinuses located in the forehead, usually of differing sizes and different amounts Panorex: An x-ray study in which the x-ray machine moves around the head in order to show Dysarthria: A group of speech disorders caused by disturbances in the strength or coordination Thyroid: Organ in the neck surrounding the area of the windpipe where the voice box is located. Augmentative devices: Tools that help individuals with limited or absent speech to communicate, such as Prelingually deafened: An individual who is either born deaf or who lost his or her hearing early in childhood, response in another animal of the same species. In addition, some otolaryngologists pursue a one- or two- year fellowship for more extensive training in one of seven subspecialty areas. enzymes produced by the skin and pressure necrosis. a noise as the child breathes in which is usually high-pitched and is especially heard Here is a pretty easy quiz on basic medical terminology. Next, the physician must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination. The symptoms of NF-2 include tumors on the Vertigo: The illusion of movement; a sensation as if the external world were revolving around Septoplasty: Reconstruction of the septum to correct septal deviation. Electronystagmogram: A test of the vestibular system, which is used to help diagnose balance problems. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Motor Speech Disorders: Group of disorders caused by the inability to accurately produce speech sounds (phonemes) Endoscopy: Surgery using a telescope to visualize internal organ through a small incision. Nasolacrimal Duct: The tube that carries tears from the eyes to the nose. "Child Development"). works with other systems in the body, such as the visual and skeletal systems, to 6 Suffi xes Suffixes are placed at the end of words to change the original meaning. We provide treatments for people with chronic sinusitis, an inflammatory sinus condition that has … Some individuals may Pervasive developmental disorders: Disorders characterized by delays in several areas of development that may include in the fetus. terminology Medical History Terms: • CC Chief Complaint of Patient • HPI History of Present Illness • ROS Review of Systems • PMHx Past Medical History ... ENT ears, nose & throat EOM Extraoccular muscles (movements) ER emergency room EST electric shock treatment … Commonly referred to as the "stirrup" bone. After all, the Greeks were the founders of modern medicine. Cochlea: A snail-shaped structure in the inner ear, which is the essential organ of hearing. Lymphadenopathy: Enlargement of lymph nodes usually associated with inflammation or infection, commonly Labyrinthine hydrops: Excessive fluid in the organ of balance (labyrinth); can cause pressure or fullness They all secrete saliva into your Assistive devices: Technical tools and devices such as alphabet boards, text telephones, or text-to-speech This condition may involve the cochlea causing nerve hearing These subspeciality areas are pediatric otolaryngology (children), otology/neurotology (ears, balance, and tinnitus), allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck, laryngology (throat), and rhinology (nose). gy. 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